java tutorial - How to Reading a Plain Text File in Java - java programming - learn java - java basics - java for beginners
Reading a Plain Text File in Java:
- There are several ways to read a plain text file in Java. FileReader, BufferedReader or Scanner to read a text file.
- Every utility provides something special e.g. BufferedReader provides buffering of data for fast reading, and Scanner provides parsing ability.
- We use BufferReader and Scanner to read a text file line by line in Java. Then Java SE 8 introduces another Stream class java.util.stream.Stream it provides a lazy and more efficient way to read a file.
- Several ways of reading files. they are:
- This method reads text from a character-input stream. It does buffering for efficient reading of characters, arrays, and lines.
- The buffer size may be specified, or the default size may be used.
- Each read request to be made of the underlying character. It is advisable to wrap a BufferedReader around any Reader whose read() operations may be costly, such as FileReaders and InputStreamReaders.
- For example,
Using FileReader class:
- Java FileReader class is used to read data from the file. It returns data in byte format.
- This class accept that the default character encoding and the default byte-buffer size are appropriate.
- Constructors defined in this class are:
Using Scanner class:
- The java.util.Scanner is used to read file line by line in Java. We have first created a File instance in Java and then we passed this File instance to java.util.Scanner for scanning.
- Scanner provides methods like NextLine() and readNextLine() which can be used to read file line by line.