GDB Debugging Example




GDB Debugging Example

  • This example demonstrates how you would capture an error that is happening due to an exception raised while dividing by zero.
 GDB Debugging Example

GDB Debugging Example

Sample Code

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;  

int div int(int, int);  
int main() 
{ 
   int x = 6, y = 3; 
   cout << divint(x, y); 
   
   x =3; y = 0; 
   cout << divint(x, y); 
   
   return 0; 
}  

int divint (int a, int b) 
{ 
   return a / b; 
}   

  • To enable debugging, the program must be compiled with the -g option.
    • $g++ -g crash.cc -o crash

Read Also

We are using g++ compiler because we have used C++ source code.

Output

Floating point exception (core dumped) 

You will find a core file in your current directory.

Now to debug the problem, start gdb debugger at the command prompt:

$gdb crash 
# Gdb prints summary information and then the (gdb) prompt
  
(gdb) r 
Program received signal SIGFPE, Arithmetic exception. 
0x08048681 in divint(int, int) (a=3, b=0) at crash.cc:21 
21        return a / b; 

# 'r' runs the program inside the debugger 
# In this case the program crashed and gdb prints out some 
# relevant information.  In particular, it crashed trying 
# to execute line 21 of crash.cc.  The function parameters 
# 'a' and 'b' had values 3 and 0 respectively.  

(gdb) l 
# l is short for 'list'.  Useful for seeing the context of 
# the crash, lists code lines near around 21 of crash.cc  

(gdb) where 
#0  0x08048681 in divint(int, int) (a=3, b=0) at crash.cc:21 
#1  0x08048654 in main () at crash.cc:13 
# Equivalent to 'bt' or backtrace.  Produces what is known 
# as a 'stack trace'.  Read this as follows:  The crash occurred 
# in the function divint at line 21 of crash.cc.  This, in turn, 
# was called from the function main at line 13 of crash.cc  

(gdb) up 
# Move from the default level '0' of the stack trace up one level 
# to level 1.  

(gdb) list 
# list now lists the code lines near line 13 of crash.cc  

(gdb) p x 
# print the value of the local (to main) variable x 


  • In this example, it is fairly obvious that the crash occurs because of the attempt to divide an integer by 0.
  • To debug a program 'crash' that has crashed and produced a core file named 'core', type the following at the command line:
    • gdb crash core


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